|India 2000 Based on Euro 1||Nationwide||0.14|
|Bharat Stage II Based on Euro 2||NCR*, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai||0.08|
|Bharat Stage IIIBased on Euro 3||NCR+ 11 cities (Nationwide implementation by 2010)||0.05|
|Bharat Stage IV Based on Euro IV||NCR+ 13 Cities (Plan for all India implementation by 2017)||0.025|
|Bharat Stage V||2022 (All India)**||0.005|
|Bharat Stage VI||2024 and onwards (All India)**||0.0025|
Discusses implementation of next series of Bharat norms, financial and taxation issues. “There is not enough BS IV fuel to meet the entire needs of the country, but this objective can be achieved by timely completion of ongoing projects and initiating and completing some others.”
Alternate fuels are discussed in detail including Hydrogen vision 2020.
Suggests differential taxation, i.e. more on diesel SUV cars and less on hybrid and EV cars, CNG vehicles etc.
The report notes that, “Reducing the sulphur content of auto fuel, especially diesel, opens up greater options for emission control by way of after treatment devices.”
Discuses capacity and fiscal investment required by refineries to be able to meet the demand for fuel for implementation of Bharat emissions standards.
The report notes that, “Vehicle pollution strategy consists of four components i.e. increasingly stringent new vehicles standards, specifications for clean fuel, proper inspection and maintenance of in used vehicles and transport and travel management.”
Retro fitting of emission control devices.
Suggests carrying out a number of studies including on environment and health impact.