Friday, 3 June 2016


National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park (reference needed as kaziranga is established in 1905) was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2015, there were 105 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi) , comprising 1.23% of India's total surface area.

Plans are underway to establish many more national parks in India. All of India's national parks are listed below alongside their home state or territory, area and the date that they were established. See Protected areas of India for an overview of all Indian protected areas.

This is a sortable list of national parks of India.[2]
Name
State Established Area (in km2) Notability
Anamudi Shola National Park
Kerala 2003 7.50
Anshi National Park
Karnataka
Balphakram National Park
Meghalaya 2013 220 wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat रफ़्फ़्फ़्फ़्
Bandhavgarh National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1968 446 highest known tiger population in India, white tiger, 1336 species of endemic plants
Bandipur National Park
Karnataka 1974 874.20 chital, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, gaur, leopard, sambar deer, indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture
Bannerghatta National Park (Bannerghatta Biological Park)
karnataka 1986 104.3 tiger, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer
Bhitarkanika National Park
Odisha 1988 145 mangroves, saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, chital
Bison (Rajbari) National Park
Tripura 2007 31.63
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
Gujarat 1976 34.08 hunting cheetahs, Blackbuck Lodge, the endangered Indian grey wolf, the nocturnal striped hyena, Indian fox, golden jackal, jungle cat and many small mammals like hare, gerbil, field mice, mongoose and hedgehog
Buxa Tiger Reserve
West Bengal 1992 760
Campbell Bay National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 426.23
Chandoli National Park
Maharashtra 2004 317.67
Clouded Leopard National Park
Tripura 2003 5.08
Dachigam National Park
Jammu and Kashmir 1981 141 only area where Kashmir stag is found[3]
Desert National Park
Rajasthan 1980 3162
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Assam 1999 340
Dinosaur Fossils National Park
Madhya Pradesh 2010 0.897 dinosaur fossils found
Dudhwa National Park
Uttar Pradesh 1977 490.29
Eravikulam National Park
Kerala 1978 97
Galathea National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 110
Gangotri National Park
Uttarakhand 1989 2390
Gir Forest National Park
Gujarat 1965 1412 Asiatic lion
Gorumara National Park
West Bengal 1994 79.45
Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary
Uttarakhand 1990 472.08
Great Himalayan National Park
Himachal Pradesh, 1984 754.40 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Gugamal National Park
Maharashtra 1987 361.28
Guindy National Park
Tamil Nadu 1976 2.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Tamil Nadu 1980 6.23
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park
Chhattisgarh 1981 1440.71
Hemis National Park
Jammu and Kashmir 1981 4400
Hazaribagh National Park
Jharkhand 1954 183.89
Inderkilla National Park
Himachal Pradesh 2010 104
Indra Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
Tamil Nadu 1989 117.10
Indravati National Park
Chhattisgarh 1981 1258.37 wild Asian buffalo, tiger reserve, hill mynas
Jaldapara National Park
West Bengal 2012 216 Indian rhinoceros
Jim Corbett National Park
Uttarakhand 1936 1318.5

Kalesar National Park
Haryana 2003 100.88
Kanha National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1955 940
Kanger Ghati National Park
Chhattisgarh 1982 200
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Telangana 1994 1.42
Kaziranga National Park
Assam 1905 430 Indian rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Keibul Lamjao National Park
Manipur 1977 40 only floating park in the world
Keoladeo National Park
Rajasthan 1981 28.73 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khangchendzonga National Park
Sikkim 1977 1784
Khirganga National Park
Himachal Pradesh 2010 710
Kishtwar National Park
Jammu and Kashmir 1981 400
Kudremukh National Park
Karnataka 1987 600.32
Madhav National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1959 375.22
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1983 281.50
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Telangana 1994 14.59
Manas National Park
Assam 1990 500 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1983 0.27
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
Gujarat 1980 162.89
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Kerala 2003 12.82
Middle Button Island National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.44
Mollem National Park
Goa 1978 107
Mouling National Park
Arunachal Pradesh 1986 483
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
Rajasthan 1960 288.84
Mount Harriet National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 46.62 important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International, new species frog named Rana CharlesDarwini
Mrugavani National Park
Telangana 1994 3.60
Mudumalai National Park
Tamil Nadu 1940 321.55
Mukundra Hills National Park
Rajasthan 2006 200.54
Mukurthi National Park
Tamil Nadu 2001 78.46 Nilgiri tahr
Murlen National Park
Mizoram 1991 100
Namdapha National Park
Arunachal Pradesh 1974 1985.24
Nameri National Park
Assam 1978 137.07
Nanda Devi National Park
Uttarakhand 1982 630.33 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Navegaon National Park
Maharashtra 1975 133.88
Neora Valley National Park
West Bengal 1986 88
Nokrek National Park
Meghalaya 1986 47.48 UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
North Button Island National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1979 0.44
Ntangki National Park
Nagaland 1993 202.02
Omkareshwar National Park
Madhya Pradesh 2004 293.56
Orang National Park
Assam 1999 78.81
Pambadum Shola National Park
Kerala 2003 1.32
Panna National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1981 542.67
Papikonda National Park
Andhra Pradesh 2008 1012.85
Pench National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1977 758
Periyar National Park
Kerala 1982 305
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park
Mizoram 1992 50
Pin Valley National Park
Himachal Pradesh 1987 807.36
Rajaji National Park
Uttarakhand 1983 820
Nagarhole National Park
Karnataka 1988 643.39
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park
Karnataka 2005 2.40
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1996 256.14
Ranthambore National Park
Rajasthan 1981 392
Saddle Peak National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1979 32.54
Salim Ali National Park
Jammu and Kashmir 1992 9.07
Sanjay National Park2
Madhya Pradesh 1981 466.7
Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Maharashtra 1969 104
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Rajasthan 1955 866
Satpura National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1981 524
Silent Valley National Park
Kerala 1980 237
Simbalbara National Park
Himachal Pradesh 2010 27.88
Sirohi National Park
Manipur 1982 41.30
Simlipal National Park
Odisha 1980 845.70 tiger, leopard, Asian elephant, sambar, barking deer, gaur, jungle cat, wild boar
Singalila National Park
West Bengal 1986 78.60
South Button Island National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.03 dugong, dolphin, water monitor lizard, blue whale
Sri Venkateswara National Park
Andhra Pradesh 1989 353
Sultanpur National Park
Haryana 1989 1.43
Sundarbans National Park
West Bengal 1984 1330.12 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tadoba National Park
Maharashtra 1955 625
Valley of Flowers National Park
Uttarakhand 1982 87.50
Valmiki National Park
Bihar 1976 898.45
Vansda National Park
Gujarat 1979 23.99
Van Vihar National Park
Madhya Pradesh 1983 4.45

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